Rabia' 17th




His eminence Grand Ayatollah Duzduzani's speech on the occasion of Rabia' ol-Mouloud 17th

In the name of Allah the Beneficent the Merciful and we seek his help and he is the Helper and peace and blessings be upon Mohammad and his immaculate progeny.


Eid-s and the anniversaries of the infallibles' (peace be upon them) death carry the banner of Islam themselves. In the anniversaries of the infallibles' deaths, holding mourning ceremonies is a remembrance of their holinesses and in their birthdays and other occasions like that, holding celebrations is a remembrance of their holinesses' dignity.

In a Hadith from Imam Sadigh (peace be upon him) it is stated that "rejoice for our joy and grieve for our sorrow", although the statement is declarative and is enumerating the prestige and status of Shia.Being Shia is like this, it means that whenever he hears about the birthday of the Imam and such these occasions, he will become happy whether or not that will be a happy day, not to mention I need not to tell you about meaning of the happiness. Does it mean that the happiness should be in heart or gathering together by the reception with providing lunch and sweets, panegyrizing and eulogies or more than this, we celebrate like a wedding celebration? God forbid that it can't be told! Happiness and sorrow as much as the Hadith denotes should be in the heart, or we should express the preeminent amount of those at most, but it doesn't denote doing something that can't preserve the infallibles' dignity, let alone as some of uninformed people say "The Pen (the Pen that angels use for writing down your deeds, the whole sentence means that your sins on these days won't be counted) is lifted on X days!". Of course the pen is lifted for psychotic people and children! The pen is lifted for them, but it's not lifted for all those who reach puberty, and it's not compatible with Islam otherwise. Islam has been established in order for education and evolution. His holiness Rasool (peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny) says "I am sent to complete the ethics". God forbid that we gather together and do something that is opposed to the sending of the prophet (peace and blessing be upon him and his progeny). The point is, we are near to the occasion of the birthday of his holiness the prophet (peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny), and the day is the day of happiness for not only Shias but also Muslims. We have some Hadiths about the day that says "revive our thing" and the thing that is important for Imams (peace be upon them) and is rooted in Vilayat, is reviving the apostolate thing. I don't say that there isn't anything, there is something, but it is unfortunately embarrassing. If you watch some of these media on these days, I guess that all of you could be embarrassed too. How often! They play drum, Daf and Tonbak on the occasion of the birthday and Eid of the holy prophet (peace and blessings be upon him and is progeny). What does it mean? Don't they get embarrassed by his dignity? They display dance, singing, drum and Tonbak; what are these? Is this "reviving our thing"? Where are we and where they are? When we see the Christmas, what do they do? They shake the world; they celebrate it all around the world and the birth of Jesus Christ marked the beginning of their calendar. It reaches the point that some Islamic countries are using this Christian Gregorian calendar, why? Its effect can be seen in some writings in our country Iran. This is our weakness. We don't disapprove Jesus Christ, we believe that his holiness was a prophet, but in the duration before the holy prophet (peace and blessings be upon him and his progeny). See what they are doing. They shake the world. Even the president of Iran congratulates them on this occasion. Does the world do the same thing in the birth of the holy prophet? Do we do such a thing ourselves? Do we promulgate the greatness of this day? Have we done it yet? There has to be a revolution, but there isn't unfortunately! Yes, there is, but these actions are opposite to the idea of the holy prophet instead of magnifying the holy prophet's dignity. These actions are opposite to the spirit of Islam and Shia, and the intellectuality of the Shia'a, and they are also opposite to the Hadith:"I am sent to complete the ethics". If I had the opportunity, I hold a big assembly at least in Qom. For example, we hold a reception with providing dinner on the day of A'shooraa, how much do you think it costs? It's rooted in Nabovvat. Why don't we do such actions? Why we haven't done it yet? Why shouldn't we do? Today, you can see that our young people are converting to Christianity. We are sleeping; a lot of people have converted to Christianity. A few days ago, someone that comes from another city said that my son-in-law has converted to Christianity, and told me a long story. What are they doing? In some cities, they mail a sheet of paper with the photograph of Jesus Christ on it to peoples' home. It is written below the picture on the sheet of paper that Jesus Christ shall come and he shall do so and so …, and on the other side there is a picture of one thousand-Toman bill; and we are sleeping. If our young people know what happened on the day of the birth of the holy prophet, they won't convert to Christianity easily and they won't go out of religion. When do we say to them about what happened to Tag-i Kisra or one thousand years old fire of fire temple were extinguished or diminishing of Lake Saave or the water flowing through Samaave region somewhere between Shaam an Koufa? I don't tell we haven't say, but we have said very little, we haven't given an explanation. If our young people know about these events, they won't go back. I don't tell that we don't say at all, but our works are rear and light, our speeches are feeble and our meetings are little. We content ourselves with cheap panegyrizing which its contents sometimes embarrass man. One time a gentleman requested me to preach on one of these days; I said I'd like to do this, but who would hear those preaching? Who would accept this? We can't, alas, display the greatness of the holy prophet as we are supposed to do during the month of Rabia'. It would be stated through the media that 14 billion SMS have been sent on the Farvardin 1st on the occasion of the ancient Eid in which we don't believe. What will we do tomorrow? We would pick up the phone and congratulate someone or someone would do the same for us? Or they would reflect these things through the media? Now wait as if they could say how many SMS it would become. They raise that, but don't encourage this (the celebration of the birthday of holy prophet). I hope that you become active in these days and hold a celebration or an assembly for the birthday.

May peace and blessings be upon Mohammad and his immaculate progeny.

Rabia' al-awwal 15th, 1428 A.H.

Farvardin 15th, 1386 S.H.








1. The best religious practice

Question: What is the best religious practice, in your eminence opinion?

Answer: As it has been narrated in some Hadith-s, saying prayer is the best practice after gaining knowledge of God.


2. The Ibtidai Jihad

Question: Is the Ibtidai Jihad (A kind of Jihad to promulgate the religion of Islam through countries which are not enemies of Islamic countries) permissible?

Answer: Its not permissible, in our opinion.


3. The Mu'ataati marriage

Question: Is the Mu'ataati marriage (a kind of unofficial marriage that the Sigheh is not verbally approved by the parties) recognizable?

Answer: Marriage needs to be approved verbally and the Mu'ataati one is not recognizable.


4. Revealing a secret

Question: Please say about permissible cases for revealing secrets?

Answer: Revealing other's secret is Haraam unless something important involves. For example, if the secret is not revealed, the life of a believer will be put in danger.


5. Saying prayer in Karbala

Question: What is your opinion about whether saying daily prayers completely or incompletely in the holy city of Karbala, or around the holy shrine, or in Koufa Masjid?

Answer: The traveler needs to say prayer incomplete in the holy city of Karbala, but around the holy shrine of his holiness Imam Hussein (A) (within two and half meters from the holy enshrine) and the whole Koufa Masjid the traveler is at liberty to say prayer complete or incomplete.


6. Wozu (performing ablutions before saying prayer) with the remnant of pen on skin

Question: Do the remnants of pen on hands’ skin invalidate the Wozu?

Answer: No, it doesn’t unless they prevent the water from reaching to body's skin.