Biography

 1. The blessed birth

His eminence Grand Ayatollah Duzduzani son of Haj Abdolhamid was born in the year 1314 S.H. in the city of Tabriz, Iran into a religious family. His father was a religious and beneficent merchant in Tabriz city. His ancestors had immigrated to Tabriz city from Duzduzan village about 70 kilometers East of Tabriz before they dwelt in this city.

 

2. Primary education

His eminence attended Maktab (a kind of elementary school in old days of iran) to learn Arabic and Persian literacy in the year 1322 SH. His eminence learned Moghaddamat from late Haj Mir Mahmoud Aga who was a noted man in Tabriz city and late Aga Mirza Farajollah, then to receive higher education his eminence attended Hassan Pasha seminary (it is located in the Saheb-ol-Amr -as - Square). After a while, he achieved renown for his eagerness to learn literature and religious sciences amongst his fellow classmates. Afterwards, his eminence attended Talebie seminary (located in Masjid Jamehof Tabriz) to receive education from other teachers and he completed Sat’h courses -Mantegh, Usul and Lamatein:Sharhallam'a-d-Dimashqiya (English: Interpreting the Damascene Glitter) volumes 1 & 2 by Shahid Al-Thani- at the time. His eminence took part in classes of great teachers such as Late Haj Mirza Ali Asgar Baghmeshei, late Haj Mirza Ali Asghar Akhijahani, late Haj Seyyed Reza Marandi and late Mirza Abolfazl Sarabi.

 

3. Immigration to Qom

His eminence immigrated to Qom to complete his education in the year 1332 SH when he was less than 18 years old. He keenly finished the Sath courses under the supervision of great teachers such as late Ayatollah Haj Mirza Mojahed Tabrizi.

 

4. Higher education

After performing the Hajj and going on pilgrimage to Atabat-e-Aliat (Iraq) in the year 1337 SH, Grand Ayatollah Duzduzani started taking the Kharij courses under the supervision of great teachers of that time. He attended the late Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi's Kharij course and shortly after Grand Ayatollah Boroujerdi passed away his eminence attended the great leader of Islamic revolution Grand Ayatollah Khomeini's Usul course which had been holding in Salmasi Masjid for a while. Then his eminence took part in late Grand Ayatollah Shariatmadari's Kharij-e-Fiqh and Usul classes. His eminence was one of the outstanding and distinguished students of that late blessed man and he had done almost a complete Fiqh and Usul course for 25 years with that great teacher (Grand Ayatollah Shariatmadari). His eminence also benefited from Grand Ayatollah Golpaygani's Kharij course. Finally his eminence honored through receiving Revaii authorization from Grand Ayatollahs Shariatmadari and Golpaygani(may Allah be pleased with them).

 

5. Philosophy course

His eminence took part in the author of Tafsir al-Mizan (an exegesis of the Qur’an) late Allameh Muhammad Husayn Tabatabaei's Asfar class while he was teaching Sabzavari'sManzumah's course to some of Hawza scholars for some time.

 

6. Interest in Quran

Since the early part of his school career Grand Ayatollah Duzduzani has had eagerness to learn Quran. He has started the Qur’anic exegesis since 1382 AH (1342 SH) and he nowadays remains engaged in teaching Quranic exegesis. He was teaching the Qur’anic exegesis based on the chapter arrangement of “the Kompani's exegesis” for a while, but he recently has based his exegesis on thematic exegesis of the word of God. The fruits of the effort have turned into several books which some of them have been published.

 

7. Social and religious services

In addition to teaching and propagation of divine commandments in Qom, Tehran, Karaj and Tabriz cities, his eminence has provided a variety of worthy social services, including:

a) Construction of Javad-ol-Aemmah (peace be upon him) masjid on the Jeihoon avenue, Tehran, Iran. The masjid now is well-run as Haj Kazim masjid and is being used. 

b) Reconstruction of old Shasto-Se-Sotun masjid which dates back to four hundred years ago. The masjid has been abandoned until quite recently, but it was repaired by his efforts and nowadays is one of the active masjids in Tabriz city.

c) Dispatching missionaries to various areas in Iran:

His eminence sent missionaries to teach villagers of 500 villages around Kaleibar County in East Azarbaijan Province about religious beliefs and to prevent false religious beliefs and Ghulat's beliefs from spreading throughout the region. His eminence paid for construction of an approved residence for dispatching missionaries. While under the provision of the mission, dispatched missionaries must not accept any missionary payment from others. The region was strongly influenced by the idea and also it was performed in other regions, including Zaaghe district in Khorram Abad, Hashtrud and Shahr-e-Rey.

d) Taking action against religious deviants:

Due to the increase in the activities of deviate groups and sects such as Sufia, Bahaiiat and Wahhabiiat, Ayatollah Duzduzani in cooperation with late Hojjat-ul-Islam-val-Moslemin Aga Sheikh Davud Elhami and Hojjat-ul-Islam-val-Moslemin Haj Sheikh Mohammad Mardani established an institute for taking action against these activities in 1375 S.H. The institute has published several pocketbooks and has distributed them for free which include: 

1. Sufism from the perspective of Holy Imams (peace be upon them)

2. The emergence of Sufism among the Shia Muslims

3. Nematollahi and Gonabadi sects

4. Zahbiie, Oveisiie and Khaksariie sects

5. A short journey to the creed of Ahl-e Haqq (Ali-aIlahi-s)

6. Two core beliefs of Wahhabis

7. Bahaism, Sufism's begotten

This institute also is proceeding to buy and distribute some other books which are advantageous to people and which deal with the subject.

e) Establishing religious meetings

His eminence established meetings to propagate Islam. These meetings were holding in a new way to meet the younger generation's need. These meetings were holding in the two sections of adults and children:

a. The Doctrine of Ali (peace be upon him) religious meeting established in 1353 SH in Tabriz. These mobile meetings were holding weekly in a new way with a tribune and seats for participants which most of them were young and educated people. 

b. Weekly meetings for religious education of children who were seven to twelve years old in fifty masjids of Tabriz city which were arranged by eighty people of clergymen and businessmen of the city. A total of one thousand people were participating in these meetings. Participants in addition to learning Quran and training commandments, beliefs and Islamic psalms, were learning how to debate with opponents.

 

8. Teaching

While he was studying in Qom city, Grand Ayatollah Duzduzani taught previous courses and textbooks to the scholars of Hawza. His eminence prioritized study in that time and had no recreation and preoccupation other than teaching and studying and he hasn't dealt with political and social issues in this period of his life. His eminence has started to teach Kharij Fiqh and Usul courses in Qom Hawza since 1400 AH and has taught different subjects of Fiqh and Usul. A significant number or scholarly students of Hawza have attended his class since then.

 

9. Works

Grand Ayatollah Duzduzany has numerous writings in various fields of religious science. Here, briefly, we will mention them:

1. Courses about revelation of Qur'an – published

2. Courses about Death, Life, Purgatory and Signs of Doomsday – published

3. The nice investigation of the noble signature (Arabic: Tahgig-al LatifHawl-al Togie-al Sharif) – limited publishing

4. Courses about Akhirah – prepared for publication

5. Taghrirat-e Fiqh of travelers' prayers - prepared for publication

6. The book of Qisas (had been written and taught as a textbook in 1406 AH) - prepared for publication

7. Commentary on Urvat ul-Wusgha – limited publishing

8. Journal of clarified questions (Farsi: Resalah-yetozih-al-masael) - published

9. Hajj rituals (Farsi: Manasik-e Hajj) – published

10. Guidance of believers tract (Farsi: Resalah-ye Ershad-olMomenin) - published

11. Approach of righteous people (Arabic: Minhaj-olSalehin) – limited publishing

12. The crescent moon tract (Farsi: Risala-ye-Hilaliie)– limited publishing

13. Additions to Journal of clarified questions (Farsi: Molhaghat-e-Risaleh-ye Tozih-al Masael) – limited publishing

14. Trans - e - x u a l i s m, yes or no?

 

 

 

 

 

Estefta'at

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1. The best religious practice

Question: What is the best religious practice, in your eminence opinion?

Answer: As it has been narrated in some Hadith-s, saying prayer is the best practice after gaining knowledge of God.

 

2. The Ibtidai Jihad

Question: Is the Ibtidai Jihad (A kind of Jihad to promulgate the religion of Islam through countries which are not enemies of Islamic countries) permissible?

Answer: Its not permissible, in our opinion.

 

3. The Mu'ataati marriage

Question: Is the Mu'ataati marriage (a kind of unofficial marriage that the Sigheh is not verbally approved by the parties) recognizable?

Answer: Marriage needs to be approved verbally and the Mu'ataati one is not recognizable.

 

4. Revealing a secret

Question: Please say about permissible cases for revealing secrets?

Answer: Revealing other's secret is Haraam unless something important involves. For example, if the secret is not revealed, the life of a believer will be put in danger.

 

5. Saying prayer in Karbala

Question: What is your opinion about whether saying daily prayers completely or incompletely in the holy city of Karbala, or around the holy shrine, or in Koufa Masjid?

Answer: The traveler needs to say prayer incomplete in the holy city of Karbala, but around the holy shrine of his holiness Imam Hussein (A) (within two and half meters from the holy enshrine) and the whole Koufa Masjid the traveler is at liberty to say prayer complete or incomplete.

 

6. Wozu (performing ablutions before saying prayer) with the remnant of pen on skin

Question: Do the remnants of pen on hands’ skin invalidate the Wozu?

Answer: No, it doesn’t unless they prevent the water from reaching to body's skin.

 

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